Similarities Between Christianity and Islam

“Say: O People of the Book (Torah & Gospel)! Come to an agreement between us and you: that we shall worship none but Allah, and that we shall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside Allah. And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him).” [Quran, 3:64]

 

Similarities / Similar Teachings in the Qur’an and the Bible which Muslims follow but Christians don’t.

  1. Islam

    1. Definition of Islam

      1. Meaning of Islam

        > Islam is derived from the word salaam meaning peace.

        > Submission to the Will of Allah (God Almighty).
         

      2. Meaning of ‘Muslim’ – One who submits his will to Allah.
         

      3. Islam is not a new religion found by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

       

    2. Messengers in Islam

      1. To every nation was sent a Guide or a Messenger. (Qur’an 35:24 and 13:7)
         

      2. 25 Prophets mentioned by name in the Qur’an
         

      3. Islam is the only non-Christian faith that believes in Jesus (pbuh)
         

      4. Stories only of some prophets mentioned in Qur’an (Qur’an 4:164 and 40:78)
         

      5. More than 1,24,000 Messengers according to Hadith
         

      6. Previous Messengers were only sent for their people and nation and their complete message was meant only for a particular time period.
         

      7. Moses (pbuh) was only sent for the Jews.
         

      8. Jesus (pbuh) sent only for the Jews i.e. lost sheep of Israel.
        Al-Qur’an 3:49, Mathew 10:5-6, Mathew 15:24
         

      9. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the Last and Final Messenger for the Whole of Mankind.
        Al-Qur’an 33:40, Al-Qur’an 21:107, Al-Qur’an 34:28
         

      10. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in the Bible.
        Al-Qur’an 7:157
        Al-Qur’an 61:6
        Deuteronomy 18:18
        Isaiah 29:12
        Song of Solomon 5:16
        John 16:7
        John 16:12-14
         

    3. Revelations of God

      1. Several Revelations sent by Allah – Al-Qur’an 13:38.
        By name only four are mentioned in the Qur’an.
         

      2. The Qur’an is the Last and Final Revelation.
         

      3. All previous Revelations before Qur’an were only sent for a particular group of people and for a particular time period.
         

      4. The Qur’an was Revealed for the Whole of Mankind.
        Al-Qur’an 14:1, 14:52, 2:185, 39:41

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  2. Pillars of Islam

    1. Tauheed (Monotheism)
       

      1. La ilaha ilallahu, Muhammad-ur-Rasoolullah
        Sahih Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith No. 7
         

      2. Believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels and the Book and the Messengers.
        Al-Qur’an 2:177
         

      3. Come to common terms — Worship of one God
        Al-Qur’an 3:64
         

      4. Concept of God
        Al-Qur’an 112:1-4
        Deuteronomy 6:4
        Mark 12:29
         

      5. Shirk – Biggest Sin
        Al-Qur’an 4:48
        Al-Qur’an 4:116
        Exodus 20:2-5
        Deuteronomy 5:7-9
         

      6. Jesus (pbuh) not God. He never claimed Divinity
        Al-Qur’an 5:72
        John 14:28
        John 10:29
        Mathew 12:28
        Luke 11:20
        John 5:30
        Acts 2:21
         

      7. 99 Attributes of Almighty God
        Al-Qur’an 17:110
         

      8. Prefer using name ‘Allah’ rather than the word ‘God’ as the word ‘God’ can be played around with.

        Word ‘Allah’ in the Bible – Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani
        Mark 15:34
        Mathew 27:46
         

    2. Salah

      1. Not merely Prayers but Programming
        Al-Qur’an 5:90
        Al-Qur’an 2:188
         

      2. Prayers restrain you from shameful and unjust deeds
        Al-Qur’an 29:45
         

      3. Salaah timings – for healthy soul five times a day
        Al-Qur’an 17:78
        Al-Qur’an 20:130
         

      4. Take off shoes before entering mosque.
         

        • Commandment of Allah to Moses
          Al-Qur’an 20:11-12
          Exodus 3:5
          Acts 7:33
           

        • Can Pray with Shoes
          Sunan Abu Dawood – Vol. 1, Book of Salaah, Chapter 240,
          Hadith No. 652-653.
           

        • Hygienic
           

      5. Ablution
         

        • Al-Qur’an 5:6
          Exodus 40:31-32
          Acts 21:26
           

        • Hygienic
           

        • Mental Preparation
           

      6. Stand shoulder to shoulder, while praying –

        Sahih Bukhari – Vol. 1, Book of Adhan Chapter 75 Hadith no. 692
        Abu Dawood – Vol. 1, Book of Salaah Chapter 245 Hadith No. 666.
         

      7. Sujud – Prostration
         

        • To humble your mind, humble your body
           

        • Sujud mentioned 92 times in the Qur’an
          Al-Qur’an 3:43 and 22:77
           

        • Prostration in the Bible
          Genesis 17:3; Numbers 20:6
          Joshua 5:14; Mathew 26:39

         

    3. Zakah

      1. Meaning: Purification and Growth
         

      2. Description: 2.5% of saving every lunar year in charity
        Al-Qur’an 9:60
         

      3. If every human being gives Zakaah, not a single person will die of hunger.
         

      4. “Wealth does not circulate only amongst the wealthy and the rich”
        Al-Qur’an 59:7
         

      5. I Peter 4:8
         

    4. Saum (Fasting)

      1. A. Description – one lunar month i.e. during the month of Ramadaan every lunar year, Muslims fast, i.e. abstain from food and drinks from sunrise till sunset.
         

      2. Benefits: learn self restraint. If you can control your hunger you can control almost all your desires. It enhances spiritual awareness.
        Al-Qur’an 2:183
         

      3. Medical Benefits:
         

        • Increases absorption capacity of intestines
           

        • Lowers cholestrol.
           

      4. Discourages smoking, alcoholism and other addictions.
         

      5. Bible prescribes Fasting
        Mathew 17:21
        Mark 9:29
         

    5. Hajj

      1. Description – Pilgrimage atleast once in life time if you can afford it
         

      2. Universal Brotherhood – 2.5 million people from all over the world gather, wear two pieces of unsewn cloth, preferably white. Cannot differentiate between rich and poor.
        Al-Qur’an 49:13
         

      3. Significance of Kaaba – Muslims don’t worship it
        Psalms 84:4-7

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  3. Islam is a Complete Way of Life

    These five pillars do not constitute complete Islam. Only if the pillars are strong, will the structure be strong.
     

    1. Humans Created to Worship Allah

      1. Jinn and Man created for worship of Allah (Al-Qur’an 51:56)

      2. Meaning of Ibadaah – root word Abd meaning ‘slave’.
         

    2. Obeying Commandments of Allah is Submitting Your Will to Allah
       

      1. Abstaining from alcohol
        Al-Qur’an 5:90
        Proverbs 20:1
        Ephesians 5:18
         

      2. Abstaining from prohibited food
        Al-Qur’an 5:5
        Al-Qur’an 2:173, 5:3, 6:145, 16:115
         

        • Dead meat
          Leviticus 17:15
          Deuteronomy 14:21
           

        • Blood
          Genesis 9:4, Leviticus 17:14, Deuteronomy 12:16,
          I Samuel 14:33, Acts 15:29
           

        • Pork is prohibited
          Leviticus 11:7-8
          Deuteronomy 14:8
          Isaiah 65:2-5
           

        • Food on which names beside Allah have been invoked
          Acts 15:29; Revelation 2:14
           

      3. Being Honest in your Business
         

      4. Helping Neighbours
        Al-Qur’an 107:1-7
         

      5. Abstaining from Backbiting
        Al-Qur’an 104:1-3
        Al-Qur’an 49:11-12
         

      6. Obeying and Respecting Parents
        Al-Qur’an 17:23, 24
         

      7. Celibacy or Monasticism is prohibited in Islam
        Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 7 Book of Nikah, Chapter No. 3, Hadith No. 4
         

      8. Loving, being Kind and Just to your Wife
        Al-Qur’an 4:19
         

      9. Abstaining from Adultery
        Al-Qur’an 17:32
         

      10. Dressing Modestly
         

        • Al-Qur’an 24:30
          Mathew 5:27-28
           

        • Al-Qur’an 24:31
           

        • Six Criteria for Hijab in Islam
          Deuteronomy 22:5
          Timothy 2:9 e.g. of Mary
          Corinthians 11:5-6
           

      11. Circumcision
        Acts 7:8
        John 7:22
        Luke 2:21
         

      12. In short, every Muslim should follow all the Commandments of Allah (swt) and His Messenger Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and abstain from the things they have prohibited.

Conclusion

  1. If Christian is a person who follows the teachings of Christ (pbuh) and not one who worships Christ (pbuh). (We are more Christian than the Christians themselves).

  2. Muslim is a person who submits his will to Allah.
    Jesus (pbuh) said, “not my will but thy will be done.” i.e. Muslim.
    John 5:30

  3. Al-Qur’an 5:82

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