MOUNTAINS ARE LIKE PEGS (STAKES)

In Geology, the phenomenon of ‘folding’ is a recently discovered fact.
Folding is responsible for the formation of mountain ranges.
The earth’s crust, on which we live, is like a solid shell, while the deeper layers are hot and fluid, and thus inhospitable to any form of life.
It is also known that the stability of the mountains is linked to the phenomenon of folding, for it was the folds that were to provide foundations for the reliefs that constitute the mountains.
Geologists tell us that the radius of the Earth is about 3,750 miles and the crust on which we live is very thin, ranging between 1 to 30 miles.
Since the crust is thin, it has a high possibility of shaking. Mountains act like stakes or tent pegs that hold the earth’s crust and give it stability.
The Qur’aan contains exactly such a description in the following verse: “Have We not made The earth as a wide Expanse, And the mountains as pegs?” [AlQur’aan 78:6-7] The word awtad means stakes or pegs (like those used to anchor a tent); they are the deep foundations of geological folds.
A book named ‘Earth’ is considered as a basic reference textbook on geology in many universities around the world.
One of the authors of this book is Frank Press, who was the President of the Academy of Sciences in the USA for 12 years and was the Science Advisor to former US President Jimmy Carter.
In this book he illustrates the mountain in a wedge-shape and the mountain itself as a small part of the whole, whose root is deeply entrenched in the ground.5 According to Dr. Press, the mountains play an important role in stabilizing the crust of the earth.
The Qur’aan clearly mentions the function of the mountains in preventing the earth from shaking: “And We have set on the earth Mountains standing firm, Lest it should shake with them.” [Al-Qur’aan 21:31]

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URDU/HINDI

Ilm-ul-ardh 

Pahad xameen mein meekhon (charr/ “rod”) ki tarha gadhe(ghuse) huwe hain..
Ilm-ul-arx mein tah ba tah hone ka maxhar (مظہر) ek haliya daryaft shudah haqiqat hai tah ba tah hone ka amal se pahadi silsile wajood mein aate hain..
Woh satah xameen jispr hum xinda hain ek thos khol ki manind hai jabke gehrai mein moujood nahin, garam aor siyaal (سیال) Madde ki shakal me hai jiski wajha se wahan xindghi kisi bhi shakl me mumkin nahin ye bat bhi sabhi k ilm hai ke pahadon ki maxbooti aor istehkam inke tah ba tah hone ke sath wabasta hai..
Isliye ke yahi tumhe pahadon ki tashkeel mein maawan sabit hoti hai.
Mahreen Ilm-ul-arx (علم الارض) hame  batate hain ke xameen ka nisf qatr taqreeban 6035 kilometres hai aor iske jis balaie hisse par hum xindghi basar karte hain woh boht patla hai aor 2 se 35 kilometers hai..
Chunkeh xameen ki ye balaie satah patli hai isliye is bat ka kawi (قوی) imkan rehta hai ke hilne lagegi
Pahad xameen par paywast meekho’n (میخوں) ka kam krti hai jo xameen ki is balaie satah ko qaaym rakhte aor istehkam dete hain..
Quran mein bhi bilkul isi tarha ka xikr aaya hai..
“kiya humne xameen ko Farsh nahin Banaya? Aor pahadon ko meekhe’n میخیں) nahin Banaya? “” AL Quran 78:6/7) Arbi lafx “awtaad ” A Matlab hai meekhe’n.. (In meekhon jaysi jo kheeme (tent) nasab karte waqt istimal ki jati hain) ..
Ye arxi tahon ke liye gehri bunyadon ka kam deti hai poori Dunya mein Ilm-ul-arx par ek nisabi kitab “Earth” (xameen) jaa-maat (جا معات) mein Bator ek hawale ki kitab mein prhai jati hai .
Is kitab ke musanefeen mein se ek ka Nam doctor “Frank press,” hai jo American Academy braye sciences mein barah baras tak sadar rahe hai…
Woh sabik sadar America “Jimmy Carter” ke scienceie masheer (مشیر) bhi the..
Is kitab mein doctor Frank ne pahadon ko kulhadi ke nok-dar phal se tashbeih (تشبیہ) di hai aor khud pahad Iska chota sa hissa bataya hai jiski Jaden xameen mein gehrai tak chali gai hain…
Iski raye mein pahad xameen ke Qashrax (balaie satah/ upri satah) ko mustahkem banane mein ahm kirdar Ada karte hain-..
Quran pahadon ke kirdar ko waxe tour par Bayan karte huwe likhta hai ke xamane ko hilne se mehfux rakhte hain darja xeyl aayt mulahxah farmaye.. ““Aor humne xameen pahad banadiye take woh makhlooq ko hila na sake aor hum ne isme kushadah rahe’n Banadi Take woh rasta hasil Karen AL Quran 21:31”
Quran mein is hawale se jo beyan huwa woh jadeed arxi adado shumar ke ain mutabiq hai.. Aysa hi ek paigham Quran ki surah 31ki aayt number 10 mein aor surah 16 ki aayt 15 mein bhi aaya hai…

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