Definition of Islam
1. Islm is an arabic word which comes from the word “Salam” Which Means peace and from “Silm” Which means submitting your will to Allah – the Almighty God .In short Islm Means peace acquired by submitting your will to Allah (swt).
The word Islam is mentioned in several place n the Qur’an and the Hadith Including Surh Al Imran , Chapter 3, Verse 19 and Verse 85
2. Definition of a Muslim
A Muslim is a person who submits his will to Allah the Almighty God . The word Muslim is mentioned several of time in the Qur’an and Hadith including Surah l Imran Chapter 3 Verse 64 And Surah Fussilat Chapter 41 Verse 33
3 A misconception about Islam
Many people have a misconception that Islam is a new religion that was formulated 1400 years ago and that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the founder of Islam However ,let me clarify that Islam is not the name of some unique religion presented for the first time by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) who should on that account be called the founder of Islam
The Qur’an state that Islam -the complete submission of man before his one and only Unique creator – is the one and only faith and way of life consistency revealed by God to humankind from the very beginning. Noha, Solomon , David ,Abrahm , Isaac, Moses nd Jesus (peace be upon them all) – propagated the same faith and conveyed the same message of Tawheed ( Oneness of God) Risalat (Prophethood) and Akhirah (the Hereafter). These prophets of God were not founders of diffrent religions to be named after them They were each reiterating the message and faith of their predecessors
However, Muhammad (pbuh) was the last Prophet of God. God revived through him the same genuine faith which had been conveyed by all His Prophets. This original message was earlier corrupted and split into various religions by people of different ages, who indulged in interpolations and admixture. These alien elements were eliminated by God, and Islam – in its pure and original form – was transmitted to humankind through Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Since there was to be no messenger after Muhammad (PBUH), the Book revealed to him (i.e.the Glorious Qur’an) was preserved word by word so that it should be a source of guidance for all times. Thus the religion of all the prophet was ‘total submission to God’s will’ and one word for that in the Arabic language is ‘Islam; Abraham and Jesus (peace be upon him ) too were Muslims’ as Allah testifies in Al Qur’an : Surah Al imran Chapter 3 Verse 52 and 67 respectively.
hammad (PBUH) was the last Prophet of God. God revived through him the same genuine faith,which had been conveyed by all His Prophets. This original message was earlier corrupted and split into vario
Introduction of Hinduism
1. Definition of a Hindu
a. The word ‘Hindu’ has geographical significance and was used originally to refer to those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus.
b. Historians say that it was first used by the Persians who came to India through the North Western passes of the Himalayas. The word ‘Hindu’ was also used by the Arabs.
c. This word ‘Hindu’ is nowhere mentioned in Indian Literature or Hindu Scriptures before the advent of Muslims to India, according to the Encyclopedia of Religions and Ethics (6:690)
d. Jawaharlal Nehru, in his book ‘Discovery of India’, writes on pg. 74-75, that the earliest reference to the word ‘Hindu’ can be traced to a tantrik of the 8th Century C.E., where it means a people and not a follower of a particular religion. The use of the word ‘Hindu’ in connection with a particular religion is of late occurrence.
e. In short the word ‘Hindu’ is a geographical definition or term which is used to refer to people who live beyond the river Indus or in other words to those who live in India.
2. Definition of Hinduism
a. Hinduism has been derived from the word Hindu. According to the New Encyclopedia Britannica 20:581, Hinduism was a name given in English language in the Nineteenth Century by the English people to the multiplicity of the beliefs and faiths of the people of the Indus land. The British writers in 1830 gave the word Hinduism to be used as the common name for all the beliefs of the people of India excluding the Muslims and converted Christians.
b. According to the Hindu Scholars, Hinduism is a misnomer and the religion ‘Hinduism’ should be either referred to as ‘Sanatana Dharma’, which means eternal religion, or as Vedic Dharma, meaning religion of the Vedas. According to Swami Vivekananda, the followers of this religion are referred to as Vendantists.
In the next month’s article in this series, we shall examine the articles of faith in Islam and compare them with the tenets of Hinduism as mentioned in the Hindu Scriptures. We shall also study and compare the concept of God in Islam and in Hinduism.
And all praises are for the One and Only God and Creator Allah, who alone is worthy of devotion, complete submission and worship.