EMBRYONIC STAGES

 

“Man We did create From a quintessence (of clay); Then We placed him As (a drop of) sperm In a place of rest, firmly fixed; Then We made the sperm Into a clot of congealed blood; Then of that clot We made A (foetus) lump; then We Made out of that lump Bones and clothed the bones With flesh; then We developed Out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, The Best to create!” [Al-Qur’aan 23:12-14]

In this verse Allah states that man is created from a small quantity of liquid which is placed in a place of rest, firmly fixed (well established or lodged) for which the Arabic word qarârin makîn is used.

The uterus is well protected from the posterior by the spinal column supported firmly by the back muscles. The embryo is further protected by the amniotic sac containing the amniotic fluid. Thus the foetus has a well protected dwelling place. This small quantity of fluid is made into alaqah, meaning something which clings. It also means a leech-like substance. Both descriptions are scientifically acceptable as in the very early stages the foetus clings to the wall and also appears to resemble the leech in shape. It also behaves like a leech (blood sucker) and acquires its blood supply from the mother through the placenta. The third meaning of the word alaqah is a blood clot. During
this alaqah stage, which spans the third and fourth week of pregnancy, the blood clots within closed vessels. Hence the embryo acquires the appearance of a blood clot in addition to acquiring the appearance of a leech. In 1677, Hamm and Leeuwenhoek were the first scientists to observe human sperm cells (spermatozoa) using a microscope. They thought that a sperm cell contained a miniature human being which grew in the uterus to form a newborn. This was known as the perforation theory. When scientists discovered that the ovum was bigger than the sperm, it was thought by De Graf and others that the foetus existed in a miniature form in the ovum. Later, in the 18th century Maupertuis propagated the theory of biparental inheritance. The alaqah is transformed into mudghah which means ‘something that is chewed (having teeth marks)’ and also something that is tacky and small which can be put in the mouth like gum. Both these explanations are scientifically correct. Prof. Keith Moore took a piece of plaster seal and made it into the size and shape of the early stage of foetus and chewed it between the teeth to make it into a ‘Mudgha’. He compared this with the photographs of the early stage of foetus. The teeth marks resembled the ‘somites’ which is the early formation of the spinal column.

This mudghah is transformed into bones (izâm). The bones are clothed with intact flesh or muscles (lahm). Then Allah makes it into another creature.

Prof. Marshall Johnson is one of the leading scientists in US, and is the head of the Department of Anatomy and Director of the Daniel Institute at the Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia in US. He was asked to comment on the verses of the Qur’aan dealing with embryology. He said that the verses of the Qur’aan describing the embryological stages cannot be a coincidence. He said it was probable that Muhammad (pbuh) had a powerful microscope. On being reminded that the Qur’aan was revealed 1400 years ago, and microscopes were invented centuries after the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Prof. Johnson laughed and admitted that the first microscope invented could not magnify more than 10 times and could not show a clear picture. Later he said: “I see nothing here in conflict with the concept that Divine intervention was involved when Muhammad (pbuh) recited the Qur’aan.”
According to Dr. Keith Moore, the modern classification of embryonic development stages which is adopted throughout the world, is not easily comprehensible, since it identifies stages on a numerical basis i.e. stage I, stage II, etc. The divisions revealed in the Qur’aan are based on distinct and easily identifiable forms or shapes, which the embryo passes through. These are based on different phases of prenatal development and provide elegant scientific descriptions that are comprehensible and practical.

Similar embryological stages of human development have been described in the following verses: “Was he not a drop Of sperm emitted (In lowly form)? Then did he become a clinging clot; Then did (Allah) make and fashion (him) In due proportion. And of him He made Two sexes, male and female.” [Al-Qur’aan 75:37-39]

“Him Who created thee, fashioned thee in due proportion, And gave thee a just bias; In whatever Form He wills, Does He put thee together.” [AlQur’aan 82:7-8]

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URDU/HINDI

Geneen ke marahil Quran pak mein geneen ke marahil ka xikr yun aaya hai,
“yaqinan humne insan ko matti ke johre se payda kiya… Phir use nutfa Bana kr mahfoox jagha mein Qarar dediya, phir nutfa ko humne jama huwa khoon banadiya phir us khoon ke lothde ko gosht ka tukda kardiya, phir gosht ke tukde ko haddiya bana-den, phir haddiyon ko humne gosht pehnadiya phir doosri banawat mein usko payda kardiya, barkton wala hai woh Allah jo sub se behtareen payda karne wala hai AL Quran 23:12/14”
Darja bala ayaat mein Allah tala ne waxey tour par batadiya ke insan maye مائع ki ek choti si boond se payda kiya gaya hai use pehle jaye Qarar mein rakha gaya tha ke woh waha maxbuti se chimat jaye ya thehar jaye..
Iske liye arbi xuban mein “قرارمکین” ki tarkeeb istimal ki gaie hai raham mader ko عقبی janib se ek maxbut satah reedh ki haddi ki shakal mein hasil hai ise Kamar ke aysab maxeed tqweet baksh tehfux faraham karte hain, ye geneen جنین ek maye مائع ke andar tayrta rehta hai yun geneen ko ek boht mehfux muqam qarar mil jata hai. Maye مائع ki ye boond bhar muqdar “alqa” علقہ ” ki surat mein chimat Jane ka mafhoom deti hai Iska ek Matlab chimat Janewali jonk ka bhi hai, ye dono towaxihaat scienceie lihax se muslma مسلمہ aor masdaqa hain, ibtidaie marhale mein genin ek dewar se chimat jata hai aor jonk se mushabah hota hai, ye khoon ma ke badan se juft janinجفت جنین ke xarye hasil krta hai. “alqa” علقہ”ke teesre Mayne hain “jama huwa khoon” hamal ke teesre aor chouthe hafte ye khoon lothde ki shakal ikhtiyar Kar leta hai ye khoon ki naalyon ke beech tehra rehta hai, yun jinin” جنین “Jame huwe khoon ke ilawa jonk ki shakal bhi ikhtiyar karleta hai aaiye hum Qurani ilm ki sath insan ki kaie sawal ki tehqiqat ka mwaxna karte hain, ye 1667ء ki bat hai jab” Hamm and Leeuwenhoek ” ne jo axeem sciencedan the, khurd been ki madadse mardana khayalat ka mushahida Kar ke ye faysla kiya tha ke insani khulya afxaish nasal mein ek nanha munna sa insan moujood hai jo baad mein raham madar mein nashunuma pakar ek nouxayda bachche ki surat ikhtiyar karleta hai is naxarye ko “naxarye chdai” نظریہ چھدائ”(perforation theory) ke Nam se mousam kiya gaya, jab sciencedano ne ye daryaft kiya ke madaah bexa بیضہ mardana madaah touleed se hajam mein bada hota hai to mashhoor sciencedan di greff aor inke maasreen معاصرین ne is nukta naxar ka ixhar kiya “nanha munna sa insan” darasal beyxa madaah mein moujood hota hai, atharwi sadi ke science dano ne ye tasouwur pesh pesh kiya ke bachcha maa aor baap dono ki mushtarka ke meyraas hota hai aor in dono ke touledi khulye ke imtixaj se wajood mein ata hai..,
baad axaa’n “علقہ” alqa mukammal tour pr muxghtah “مضغتہ” mein dhal jata hai jiska matlab hai koi aysi shaye jise chbaya jaye aor uspar daanton ke nishan pad jayn isse murad woh choti si shaye bhi hai jo less dar ho aor chwingum ki tarha jise munh mein rakha jasake, ye dono tashrihat scienceie auytbar se durust hain, professor Keith more ne plaster cel ka ek tukda leker ise genyn ki marhalah aowal wali shakal mein dhala aor use danton ke darmiyan rakh Kar Chibaya to uski shkal “muxghta” مضغتہ”nashunuma pachukne ke bad haddiyon ki shakal ikhtiyar karleta in haddiyon par phir gosht ya asaab عصاب ki tah chadh jati hai phir khaliq kaynat use ek aor makhlooq ki shkal mein dhal deta hai.. Professor Marshall Johnson ka shumar America ke maroof science dano mein hota hai woh fladlfya “America” ki Thomas Jefferson University mein Dental Institute ke director aor shuba ilm ilafaal الاعضاء ke aarbarah bhi hain inse jab takhleeq wa paydash insan ke mutaliq Qurani aayt par tabssara krne ko kaha gaya to pahle to professor Marshall ne kaha ke geneyn ke mukhtalif marahil par mubni Qurani Aayat harghix “itfaq-mehax” اتفاق محض” nahin hoskti magar phir kehne lage ke ye bhi to ho sakta hai ke “Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasalm ” ke pass khurdbeen ho unki khidmat mein arx kiya gaya ke Quran pak 1400 baras qabal naxil huwa tha aor khurdbeen to naxool Quran ke kaie so Saal baad tak ijad na hui thi, is pr woh muskuray aor kaha pehle pehal jo khurdbeen ijad hui thi woh to chixon ko zeyadah se xeyadah dus guna bada Kar ke dikha sakti thi aor woh waxey aor sahi tasweer pesh hi nahin Kar sakti thi professor Marshall Jhonson phir Yun kaha “” mujhe is tasawur se ikhtilaf ki koi wajha naxar nahin aati ke jab ” Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasalm” Quran ki tilawat karte the to koi na koi ilhami quwat xaroor darmiyan me moujood hoti jogi””Doctor Keith more ke khyal mein geneyn nashunuma ke marahil ki jadeed darja bandi agarcha Dunya bhar mein ikhtiyar ki gaie hai magar ye asani se samjh mein nahin aati iski wajha ye hai ke ye mukhtalif darjon ko addi عددی paymano se shnakht karti hai jayse pehla darja doosra darja teesra darja waghyra iske bar-aks Quran pak geneyn ki Juda Juda saakht aor ashkaal ke xarye jo waxahat krta hai usse iski tafheem boht asan hojati hai, ye Bachche ki paydaysh se qabal ke tamam marahil ki juxyat scienceie hawale se  Masdqah مصدقہ shklon ki jis trha waxahat krti hain woh qabile fehan aor qabile amal hain, darja xeyl Qurani Aayat mein geneyyati marahil ko Badu waxahat ke sath beyan farmaya gaya hai,
” kiya woh ek gaadhe pani ka qatra na tha jo tapkaya gaya tha? Woh khoon ka lothda hogaya phir Allah ne use payda kiya aor durust banadiya phir usse jode yani nar aor madaah banaaye AL Quran 75:30/37

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